October 17, 2019 | Updated: November 11, 2022
There’s a certain satisfaction after tidying and cleaning the home, a sensation of establishing order, albeit briefly.
Making sure surfaces are all clean and hygienic should be a part of a weekly housekeeping routine. However, specific surfaces require particular attention in order to remain in optimum condition and retain their lustre. Porcelain tiles are an example; different approaches are recommended depending on whether the tiles are polished or unpolished, glazed or unglazed, anti-slip or textured.
Below we provide a step-by-step routine for how to clean porcelain tiles, with a focus on the tools and materials required for a thorough cleaning.
The best way to clean porcelain tiles is to start by removing the dust. Use a dry dust mop or vacuum cleaner. Another option is the micro-fibre mop. Make sure to get into the corners and between the tiles. This is a preliminary step for deeper cleaning.
Use a soft nylon brush together with warm water for localised stains, and clean in a circular motion. Avoid using the brush on any dry areas as it can scratch the tiles.
Finish off by mopping with a floor cleaner, a mild solution that will not damage glazed or polished tiles. Finally, apply hot water before the cleaning solution has dried completely.
The last step is to dry with a micro-fibre cloth or a clean towel and buff to a shine with a cheesecloth or other fabric.
Now that we’ve covered the basics of cleaning porcelain tiles, let’s look at the best products for the job.
The traditional mop and bucket are hard to improve upon. However, for tech fans, there is the electronic spin mop or the steam mop which will make life easier when it comes to cleaning porcelain tiles.
Butech, a Porcelanosa Group company dedicated to technical solutions, has created a line of cleaning products, each tailored to specific requirements.
Porcelain tiles have the lowest maintenance requirements of all the materials used on walls and floors. However, not all porcelain tiles require the same cleaning methods. Below, we will go over some of the various procedures.
Porcelain tiles in bathrooms, where soap residue or limescale might accumulate, should be cleaned regularly using an appropriate detergent product, allowing it to operate for a few minutes before washing. Porcelain tiles do not require much maintenance, just a wipe with a mild cleaning product, as long as it is done on a weekly basis.
The best way to clean porcelain bathroom tiles is to add a few drops of cleaner to the water, and spread the mix on the tiles with a mop or damp sponge. After that, rinse with warm water and dry with a dry cloth or mop. Follow this link to find out more about how to clean a bathroom efficiently.
High-gloss tiles are more likely to show water marks, grease, dirt, and even fingerprints, so they require special care. Liquid detergents are designed to remove surface dirt, but if not used properly, they may leave visible marks on the surface. With this in mind, clean the entire area at once and, after applying your cleaning solution, rinse the tiles with clean water and wipe them dry with a cloth, rather than air-drying them. This will give the tiles a glossy finish with no watermarks or streaks.
Textured tiles require more maintenance than smooth tiles, as they accumulate dust on their surface. However, this does not imply extensive or special cleaning techniques; rather, it refers to more frequent cleaning to keep them looking their best.
Because of the inherent surface characteristics, cleaning non-slip tiles is more difficult than cleaning other tiles without a non-slip surface. They attract dirt easily, requiring more thorough cleaning methods. That is, they must be cleaned more regularly and thoroughly.
Furthermore, cleaning anti-slip tile with a conventional mop does not remove the dirt embedded in the particles that give the tiles their anti-slip finish. This means that dirt accumulates, detracting from the overall appearance of the floor surface and usually slightly altering the colour.
Don’t worry though, there are several perfectly acceptable cleaning methods for anti-slip floor tiles:
▶ Note: Whatever cleaning system is used, it is critical to use clean water; otherwise, when the water evaporates, small particles of dirt from the water will be deposited on the surface. As a result, change the water regularly to ensure that it is completely clean.
Porcelain tiles can usually be restored to their original state by simply cleaning them with water. However, some stains are more difficult to remove and require a more specific product. This is true, for example, of coffee, tea, ink, and make-up. Below are some examples of products suitable for treating specific stains.
And here’s a much more detailed table that explains which product to use for which type of stain, with a focus on the Butech products mentioned above.
Table of recommended cleaners for different types of stains
|Remains of building work||acid net|
|Remains of silicone||Vitroceramic scraper + Acetone|
|Coffee, juices, sodas||basic gel|
|Lemon, vinegar||basic gel|
|Rust stains||acid net|
|Urine and vomit||acid net|
|Iodine dye||Hydrogen peroxide|
|Blood stains||Hydrogen peroxide|
|Oil, fat||basic gel|
|Motor oil||basic gel|
|Paint, varnish, markers||Acetone|
|Adhesive and glue||Acetone|